Roulette Geschichte

Roulette Geschichte Das Roulette Spiel

Die Erfindung des. Hier gibt es die umfangreiche und jährige Geschichte und Entwicklung des Roulette Spiels mit vielen interessanten und selten zu findenden Details. Die Geschichte des Roulette. Über die Geschichte des beliebtesten aller klassischen Casinospiele ist schon viel geschrieben worden und oft findet man noch. Der Ursprung des Roulette-Spiels ist ungeklärt und viele verschiedene Nationen nehmen für sich in Anspruch, dieses erfunden zu haben. Niemand weiß. Die Herkunft des Roulette ist bis heute nicht eindeutig geklärt. Oft liest man, dass der Franzose Blaise Pascal dieses Spiel in seiner Forschung.

Roulette Geschichte

Interessante Fakten/Geschichten rund ums Roulette. Die Geschichte des Roulettes geht auf über Jahre zurück und so ist es wenig verwunderlich, dass sich. Wann wurde Roulette erfunden? Das Wort Roulette stammt aus dem Französischen und bedeutet kleines Rad. Doch der Ursprung ist bis heute umstritten. Wo entstand das Roulette-Rad und letztendlich das berühmte Casino Roulette Spiel? Vielleicht an verschiedenen Orten und durch einige oder.

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It is also offered as a 5-chip bet in many Eastern European casinos. As a 5-chip bet, it is known as "zero spiel naca" and includes, in addition to the chips placed as noted above, a straight-up on number This is the name for the 12 numbers that lie on the opposite side of the wheel between 27 and 33, including 27 and 33 themselves.

On a single-zero wheel, the series is Very popular in British casinos, tiers bets outnumber voisins and orphelins bets by a massive margin. Six chips or multiples thereof are bet.

One chip is placed on each of the following splits: , , , , , and The tiers bet is also called the "small series" and in some casinos most notably in South Africa "series ".

A variant known as "tiers " has an additional chip placed straight up on 5, 8, 10, and 11m and so is a piece bet. In some places the variant is called "gioco Ferrari" with a straight up on 8, 11, 23 and 30, the bet is marked with a red G on the racetrack.

These numbers make up the two slices of the wheel outside the tiers and voisins. They contain a total of 8 numbers, comprising and Five chips or multiples thereof are bet on four splits and a straight-up: one chip is placed straight-up on 1 and one chip on each of the splits: , , , and A number may be backed along with the two numbers on the either side of it in a 5-chip bet.

For example, "0 and the neighbors" is a 5-chip bet with one piece straight-up on 3, 26, 0, 32, and Neighbors bets are often put on in combinations, for example "1, 9, 14, and the neighbors" is a chip bet covering 18, 22, 33, 16 with one chip, 9, 31, 20, 1 with two chips and 14 with three chips.

Any of the above bets may be combined, e. The " Final 4, for example, is a 4-chip bet and consists of one chip placed on each of the numbers ending in 4, that is 4, 14, 24, and Final 7 is a 3-chip bet, one chip each on 7, 17, and Final bets from final 0 zero to final 6 cost four chips.

Final bets 7, 8 and 9 cost three chips. Some casinos also offer split-final bets, for example final would be a 4-chip bet, one chip each on the splits , , , and one on A complete bet places all of the inside bets on a certain number.

Full complete bets are most often bet by high rollers as maximum bets. The maximum amount allowed to be wagered on a single bet in European roulette is based on a progressive betting model.

For instance, if a patron wished to place a full complete bet on 17, the player would call "17 to the maximum". To manually place the same wager, the player would need to bet:.

The player calls his bet to the croupier most often after the ball has been spun and places enough chips to cover the bet on the table within reach of the croupier.

The croupier will immediately announce the bet repeat what the player has just said , ensure that the correct monetary amount has been given while simultaneously placing a matching marker on the number on the table and the amount wagered.

The player's wagered 40 chips, as with all winning bets in roulette, are still his property and in the absence of a request to the contrary are left up to possibly win again on the next spin.

Based on the location of the numbers on the layout, the number of chips required to "complete" a number can be determined. Most typically Mayfair casinos in London and other top-class European casinos with these maximum or full complete bets, nothing except the aforementioned maximum button is ever placed on the layout even in the case of a win.

Experienced gaming staff, and the type of customers playing such bets, are fully aware of the payouts and so the croupier simply makes up the correct payout, announces its value to the table inspector floor person in the U.

Also typically at this level of play house rules allowing the experienced croupier caters to the needs of the customer and will most often add the customer's winning bet to the payout, as the type of player playing these bets very rarely bets the same number two spins in succession.

There are also several methods to determine the payout when a number adjacent to a chosen number is the winner, for example, player bets 40 chips on "23 to the maximum" and number 26 is the winning number.

The most notable method is known as the "station" system or method. When paying in stations, the dealer counts the number of ways or stations that the winning number hits the complete bet.

In the example above, 26 hits 4 stations - 2 different corners, 1 split and 1 six-line. If calculated as stations, they would just multiply 4 by 36, making with the players bet down.

Over the years, many people have tried to beat the casino, and turn roulette—a game designed to turn a profit for the house—into one on which the player expects to win.

Most of the time this comes down to the use of betting systems, strategies which say that the house edge can be beaten by simply employing a special pattern of bets, often relying on the " Gambler's fallacy ", the idea that past results are any guide to the future for example, if a roulette wheel has come up 10 times in a row on red, that red on the next spin is any more or less likely than if the last spin was black.

All betting systems that rely on patterns, when employed on casino edge games will result, on average, in the player losing money. Certain systems, such as the Martingale, described below, are extremely risky, because the worst-case scenario which is mathematically certain to happen, at some point may see the player chasing losses with ever-bigger bets until he runs out of money.

The American mathematician Patrick Billingsley said [8] that no betting system can convert a subfair game into a profitable enterprise. At least in the s, some professional gamblers were able to consistently gain an edge in roulette by seeking out rigged wheels not difficult to find at that time and betting opposite the largest bets.

Whereas betting systems are essentially an attempt to beat the fact that a geometric series with initial value of 0.

These schemes work by determining that the ball is more likely to fall at certain numbers. Edward O. Thorp the developer of card counting and an early hedge-fund pioneer and Claude Shannon a mathematician and electronic engineer best known for his contributions to information theory built the first wearable computer to predict the landing of the ball in This system worked by timing the ball and wheel, and using the information obtained to calculate the most likely octant where the ball would fall.

Ironically, this technique works best with an unbiased wheel though it could still be countered quite easily by simply closing the table for betting before beginning the spin.

In , several casinos in Britain began to lose large sums of money at their roulette tables to teams of gamblers from the USA. Upon investigation by the police, it was discovered they were using a legal system of biased wheel-section betting.

As a result of this, the British roulette wheel manufacturer John Huxley manufactured a roulette wheel to counteract the problem. The new wheel, designed by George Melas, was called "low profile" because the pockets had been drastically reduced in depth, and various other design modifications caused the ball to descend in a gradual approach to the pocket area.

Thomas Bass , in his book The Eudaemonic Pie published as The Newtonian Casino in Britain , has claimed to be able to predict wheel performance in real time.

The book describes the exploits of a group of University of California Santa Cruz students, who called themselves the Eudaemons , who in the late s used computers in their shoes to win at roulette.

This is an updated and improved version of Edward O. Thorp 's approach, where Newtonian Laws of Motion are applied to track the roulette ball's deceleration; hence the British title.

In the early s, Gonzalo Garcia-Pelayo believed that casino roulette wheels were not perfectly random , and that by recording the results and analysing them with a computer, he could gain an edge on the house by predicting that certain numbers were more likely to occur next than the 1-in odds offered by the house suggested.

This he did at the Casino de Madrid in Madrid , Spain , winning , euros in a single day, and one million euros in total.

Legal action against him by the casino was unsuccessful, it being ruled that the casino should fix its wheel. To defend against exploits like these, many casinos use tracking software, use wheels with new designs, rotate wheel heads, and randomly rotate pocket rings.

At the Ritz London casino in March , two Serbs and a Hungarian used a laser scanner hidden inside a mobile phone linked to a computer to predict the sector of the wheel where the ball was most likely to drop.

The numerous even-money bets in roulette have inspired many players over the years to attempt to beat the game by using one or more variations of a martingale betting strategy , wherein the gambler doubles the bet after every loss, so that the first win would recover all previous losses, plus win a profit equal to the original bet.

The problem with this strategy is that, remembering that past results do not affect the future, it is possible for the player to lose so many times in a row, that the player, doubling and redoubling his bets, either runs out of money or hits the table limit.

A large financial loss is certain in the long term if the player continued to employ this strategy. Another strategy is the Fibonacci system, where bets are calculated according to the Fibonacci sequence.

Regardless of the specific progression, no such strategy can statistically overcome the casino's advantage, since the expected value of each allowed bet is negative.

While it is true that Pascal is considered as one of the founders of probability theory and that he had published 2 papers containing the word Roulette small wheel : "Histoire de la roulette" "Suite de l'histoire de la roulette".

However those 2 papers do not deal with the roulette game but curves created by rotating wheels cycloids.

Pascal possibly constructed rotating device with a number wheel for studying random distributions, however he did not use it in the sense of the roulette game either.

Note that the German wikipedia entry calls it an urban legend and Pascal biographies wikipedia,mactutor,various do not mention him as the inventor of the roulette game either.

Maybe somebody having more detailed information of Pascal's rotating device and whether or how it may have influenced the roulette game could comment as well and incorporate the correct information into the article.

For now i've simply removed the misleading sentence, that indicates him as the inventor of the game. The first theory that the Chinese invented the game and this game was brought to Europe by Chinese traders.

The second theory that Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician, invented the game of roulette. At least there's no reference in his article to him having any part in establishing Monte Carlo as a gambling mecca, although the two Louis are roughly contemporaries.

Aristocrats and socialists wouldn't exactly rub elbows in Monte Carlo, I'm thinking. Are they one and the same person?

I have no idea. I'm curious if anyone knows more about the "Roulette Louis Blanc"? I don't and can't, just happened to notice a discrepancy.

I also cleaned up what appeared to be a spelling error of the "Blanca" family Chellspecker talk , 9 February UTC. This is unlikely since ALL casinos have a tabel limit, whitch makes sure that you cannot bet over ie.

I do not say that this is incorrect but just that its unlikely. The Max bet applies to outside bet position.

Anoopnair talk , 12 July UTC. Maximum bets are not only there to restrict massive one time bets, where players may get lucky and avoid the long term effects of house advantage.

They are also there to restrict the number of times a player may double up. This number is usually around 6 or 7 times.

This is of course in favour of the house. There are 18 red pockets, 18 black pockets, and two green pockets on an American wheel. One green on a European wheel, but let's stick to the American wheel for now.

Yes, you can use the binomial distribution to figure out what are the chances of 16 or more, or 20 or more wins, but on a 38 pocket wheel, the important number of wins is 19 or more, since that is the break even point since "even money" bets like red pay Only it's intermittent, so I understand your point about using I anticipate that the percentages will be slightly higher, but we shall see.

Actually, before I read your reply, I began to put together what the second paragraph meant. I wasn't certain about where your data came from or what exactly it meant.

Thanks to your newest reply, I now understand what you mean. Thank you again for your interest in this topic and my posts, and for helping me improve the article.

The section on betting on red or black seems rather pointless. The bottom line is that the expectation from betting on red is The discussion of the distribution is somewhat interesting, but again not really relevant, and not needed to explain why it does not work.

In addition, the figures are wrong. The probability of getting 18 or more reds is All bets have a negative expectation of 5.

That's all you need to dismiss any strategy. Only Martingale needs more discussion. The author is unhappy that his book was cited inaccurately and made legal threats.

Please do not insert any reference to this book. Thank you. These so-called gaming expert authors make me laugh.

Who is he going to sue and for what??? Tell him to go get a life. In fact many European casinos all the ones in Ireland that I know of, for a start use roulette wheels with a single zero, but use dedicated roulette chips for wagering.

I have a tentative theory about the construction of the French Roulette Copyrighted , which was designeg or perfected by B. It will be published in a book form, shortly, and posted in due course.

However, if you send a Non-Disclosure Aggreement to tamaslevy bigpond. However, I shall state that knowledge if true of the construction of the layout of the numbers cannot help to devise a STRATEGY to beat the house advantage in the game.

Tamaslevy , 19 February UTC. In order to get the best possible distribution of high and low numbers, the sum of each two successive numbers of the same color must equal Anoopnair talk , 11 July UTC.

Good article on American wheel layout with notes on balancing numbers mathematically. Also the convention that American wheel numbers face outwards while Eurpean face inwards - I have not seen this referenced before.

The croupier can cause it to land on 22 at will. Rick Humphrey Bogart urges a Bulgarian refugee with whose case he becomes sympathetic to put his last three chips on 22 and motions to the croupier to let him win.

After the man's number dramatically comes up, Rick tells him to let it all ride on 22 and lets him win again.

Maybe you didn't have a chance to read my explanation here. Tendancer , 29 November UTC. On the subject of "famous bets", should the South Park reference really be here.

It wouldn't even be classified as a "famous fictional bet" were such a catergory added TimothyJacobson talk , 1 February UTC.

Am a bit confused. The article states that the 'dopey experiment'--betting your money in 35 increments--is "not a strategy to win money". You have the advantage, rather than the house.

Am I wrong? Is this not the best way to play roulette? What am I missing? Vidor , 26 December UTC. If the odds against winning when you bet straight up is , then when you split the odds against winning is , or The 0 and 00 still work against you.

Has no one actually noticed that the american roulette odds are wrong????

Um sich Roulette Geschichte anderen Super Hor abzuheben und damit möglichst viele neue Spieler anzulocken, strichen einige Casinos eine Null, womit der Hausvorteil sank und die einfachen Chancen wieder näher an lagen. Andere führen das Spiel auf gelangweilte Dominikaner-Mönche zurück, die es zur Unterhaltung innerhalb der Book Of Ra Geld Verdienen des Klosters geschaffen haben. So gibt es jetzt nicht nur die Totale auf den gesamten Spieltisch mit dem Croupier, es gibt auch zusätzliche Blickwinken tief in den Kessel hinein. Üblicherweise gewinnt das Casino daher immer. Die 8 "besten" Roulette Systeme. Fiel die Kugel in eines der Fächer für diese Zahlen, werden alle Einsätze auf dem Tisch eingezogen — es sei denn man hatte direkt auf diese Zahlen gewettet. In seiner Forschung zur Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung soll der Physiker und Mathematiker von Betway Casino/Tv Zahlenspielereien so fasziniert gewesen sein, dass er daraus das Glücksspiel entwickelte. Das beruht jedoch auf einem Missverständnis. Bisher gelesen: 1.

Roulette Geschichte Video

Red or Black? - Betting your whole life on one roulette spin Die Paul Die Krake des Spiels Online Casino Uk 700 bis heute nicht eindeutig geklärt. Aber wie und warum das Rad Loop Station Gitarre aussieht und wirkt, hat für sie wenig Interesse. Play Now - Online Casino. Wer erfand das Roulette? Pascal Casino Si Stuttgart jedoch noch mehr als das. Solange sie überprüft werden sind sie ausreichend perfekt, so dass kein Spieler über sie einen Vorteil erlangen kann. Wie bei Crap-Strategienhaben die Spieler viele Entscheidungen zu treffen. Die Herkunft des Roulette ist bis heute nicht eindeutig geklärt. Aber Casinos können auf diese Weise kein Geld verdienen, also kürzen sie die Auszahlung an den Spieler um 2 Dollar, indem sie 35 Dollar für eine 1 Dollar-Wette auszahlen, anstelle von 37 Dollar und die anderen 2 Dollar für sich behalten. Die beiden einzigen nennenswerten Orte, in denen man spielen konnte, waren Monte Carlo und Las Vegas. Der Name "Roulette" kommt aus dem Französischen und bedeutet "kleines Rad". Diese Regel dient dem Zweck, dass die Spielbank nicht infolge eines einzelnen sehr hohen Gewinns eines Spielers Insolvenz anmelden müsste. Doch er nahm das Geld und gründete damit sein eigenes Pokerunternehmen. Bis zum Boom des Internets in den 90er Roulette Geschichte des Das Traurige daran ist nicht einmal die Summe, Roulette Geschichte den Schweizer vermutlich nicht jucken wird, sondern die Tatsache, dass Www.Stargames.Coms ein echter Glücksspiel-Süchtiger

Als Ursprungsland wird häufig das Italien des Die Wurzeln des Roulette sind wohl so wie diejenigen des Glücksrades im mittelalterlichen Rad der Fortuna zu suchen.

Das Roulette kam im Laufe des Ende neben Pharo und Rouge et noir bzw. Trente et quarante auch Roulette gespielt wurde.

Heute wird Roulette in Spielbanken in aller Welt nach nahezu identischen Regeln gespielt. Französisches Roulette wird klassisch an Doppeltischen gespielt: In der Mitte eines langen, mit grünem Tuch Tapis bespannten Tisches ist der Roulettekessel Cylindre in einer Vertiefung eingelassen, links und rechts davon befinden sich die Einsatzfelder Tableau.

Jeder Tisch wird von acht Angestellten des Casinos betreut, der Zylinder befindet sich in der Mitte von vier Croupiers , an den beiden Kopfenden sitzt jeweils ein weiterer Croupier und für jede Tischhälfte ist ein eigener Chef de table zuständig.

Heute wird jedoch vorwiegend an Einfachtischen gespielt, die von vier Croupiers betreut werden: Der Roulettekessel befindet sich an einem Tischende und es gibt nur ein Tableau, das sich in der Mitte des Tisches befindet.

Die Roulettemaschine Kessel besteht aus einer in eine Schüssel eingelassenen, drehbaren Scheibe mit 36 abwechselnd roten und schwarzen Nummernfächern sowie einem Die Roulette-Schüssel oder Cuvette wurde früher aus Ebenholz gefertigt, heute werden jedoch auch vielfach Kunststoffe verwendet.

Ziel ist es, in jedem einzelnen Spiel Coup zu erraten, auf welche Zahl die Kugel fallen wird. Diese werden mit Jetons geleistet. Entweder legt der Spieler selbst seine Jetons auf das Tableau oder er bittet den Croupier, dies für ihn zu tun und nennt annonciert die Zahl oder Zahlengruppe, auf die er setzen möchte.

Die Einsätze müssen zumindest das an jedem Tisch angegebene Minimum betragen und dürfen das je nach Wettart unterschiedliche Maximum nicht überschreiten.

Auch jetzt darf zunächst noch gesetzt werden. Sobald die Kugel in einem Nummernfach liegen bleibt, sagt der Croupier die Gewinnzahl, deren Farbe und die weiteren gewinnenden einfachen Chancen siehe unten laut an, und zeigt mit seinem Rechen Rateau auf die Gewinnzahl.

Die beliebteste Wettart beim Roulette sind die Wetten auf die einfachen Chancen. Die Nummern 1—36 sind auf drei verschiedene Arten in Zahlengruppen zu je 18 Nummern eingeteilt, diese sind:.

Kesselspiele werden gewöhnlich annonciert, man findet aber auch auf vielen Tischen spezielle Einsatzfelder für manche dieser Spielarten. Abgesehen von diesen Kesselspielen werden auch gerne die Finalen gesetzt, das sind Folgen von Nummern mit gleicher Endziffer: Für die Finale 3 benötigt man vier Jetons und setzt damit auf die Zahlen 3, 13, 23 und Fällt die Kugel im nächsten Coup auf Impair, so wird der Einsatz wieder frei, der Spieler gewinnt allerdings nichts.

Fällt die Kugel dagegen auf Pair, so ist der Einsatz verloren. Diese Möglichkeit besteht allerdings nur dann, wenn der Einsatz ein geradzahliges Vielfaches des Minimums beträgt, d.

Eine entsprechende Möglichkeit besteht auch beim Double Prison, wobei der Spieler ein Viertel seines Einsatzes zurückfordern kann. Eine weitere, wenn auch weniger bekannte Option für den Spieler besteht darin, einen gesperrten Einsatz auf eine andere einfache Chance verschieben zu lassen z.

Einige Casinos haben die Prison -Regel gestrichen. Opferstock zukommen lässt. Das Maximum legt fest, dass die Spielbank für jeden einzelnen Gewinn nie mehr als einen vorher festgelegten Höchstbetrag auszahlen muss.

Diese Regel dient dem Zweck, dass die Spielbank nicht infolge eines einzelnen sehr hohen Gewinns eines Spielers Insolvenz anmelden müsste.

Der Höchsteinsatz für einfache Chancen beträgt im Allgemeinen das Fache des Minimums; die Höchsteinsätze für die mehrfachen Chancen sind so gestaffelt, dass die Spielbank im Gewinnfall nie mehr als das Maximum auszahlen muss.

Die Tische sind daher etwas kleiner, sodass jeder Spieler selbst setzen kann und keine Annoncen nötig sind. Die Ansagen der Croupiers erfolgen üblicherweise in englischer statt französischer Sprache, die Bezeichnungen am Tableau hier: Lay out sind englisch, auch ist die Anordnung der Einsatzfelder eine andere.

Der Croupier zeigt die Gewinnzahl nicht mit dem Rateau an, sondern markiert sie mit einer kleinen Figur namens Dolly. Diese Spielmarken besitzen keine Wertangabe und werden nur am Tisch in verschiedenen Farben ausgegeben.

Jeder Spieler bestimmt beim Kauf den Wert, der für jeden sichtbar angezeigt wird. Diese Chips können nur an dem betreffenden Tisch gespielt werden und müssen bei Beendigung des Spiels an diesem Tisch zurückgewechselt werden.

The American game was developed in the gambling dens across the new territories where makeshift games had been set up, whereas the French game evolved with style and leisure in Monte Carlo.

During the first part of the 20th century, the only casino towns of note were Monte Carlo with the traditional single zero French wheel, and Las Vegas with the American double zero wheel.

In the s, casinos began to flourish around the world. By , there were several hundred casinos worldwide offering roulette games. The double zero wheel is found in the U.

The sum of all the numbers on the roulette wheel from 0 to 36 is , which is the " Number of the Beast ". Roulette players have a variety of betting options.

Placing inside bets is either selecting the exact number of the pocket the ball will land in, or a small range of pockets based on their proximity on the layout.

Players wishing to bet on the 'outside' will select bets on larger positional groupings of pockets, the pocket color, or whether the winning number is odd or even [ citation needed ] The payout odds for each type of bet are based on its probability.

The roulette table usually imposes minimum and maximum bets, and these rules usually apply separately for all of a player's inside and outside bets for each spin.

For inside bets at roulette tables, some casinos may use separate roulette table chips of various colors to distinguish players at the table.

Players can continue to place bets as the ball spins around the wheel until the dealer announces no more bets or rien ne va plus. When a winning number and color is determined by the roulette wheel, the dealer will place a marker, also known as a dolly, on that winning number on the roulette table layout.

When the dolly is on the table, no players may place bets, collect bets, or remove any bets from the table. The dealer will then sweep away all other losing bets either by hand or rake, and determine all of the payouts to the remaining inside and outside winning bets.

When the dealer is finished making payouts, the marker is removed from the board where players collect their winnings and make new bets.

The winning chips remain on the board. In , California legalized a form of roulette known as California Roulette. In number ranges from 1 to 10 and 19 to 28, odd numbers are red and even are black.

In ranges from 11 to 18 and 29 to 36, odd numbers are black and even are red. There is a green pocket numbered 0 zero. In American roulette, there is a second green pocket marked Pocket number order on the roulette wheel adheres to the following clockwise sequence in most casinos: [ citation needed ].

The cloth-covered betting area on a roulette table is known as the layout. The layout is either single-zero or double-zero. The European-style layout has a single zero, and the American style layout is usually a double-zero.

The American-style roulette table with a wheel at one end is now used in most casinos. The French style table with a wheel in the centre and a layout on either side is rarely found outside of Monte Carlo.

Outside bets typically have smaller payouts with better odds at winning. Except as noted, all of these bets lose if a zero comes up.

The initial bet is returned in addition to the mentioned payout. It can be easily demonstrated that this payout formula would lead to a zero expected value of profit if there were only 36 numbers.

Having 37 or more numbers gives the casino its edge. The values 0 and 00 are not odd or even, or high or low. En prison rules, when used, reduce the house advantage.

The house average or house edge or house advantage also called the expected value is the amount the player loses relative for any bet made, on average.

The expected value is:. The presence of the green squares on the roulette wheel and on the table is technically the only house edge. Outside bets will always lose when a single or double zero comes up.

The only exceptions are the five numbers bet where the house edge is considerably higher 7. This is commonly called the "la partage" rule, and it is considered the main difference between European and French roulette.

There is also a modification of this rule, which is called the " en prison " rule. These rules cut the house edge into half 1. The house edge should not be confused with the "hold".

The hold is the average percentage of the money originally brought to the table that the player loses before he leaves—the actual "win" amount for the casino.

This reflects the fact that the player is churning the same money over and over again. In the early frontier gambling saloons, the house would set the odds on roulette tables at 27 for 1.

Today most casino odds are set by law, and they have to be either 34 to 1 or 35 to 1. As an example, we can examine the European roulette model, that is, roulette with only one zero.

The rules of European roulette have 10 types of bets. First we can examine the 'Straight Up' bet. For similar reasons it is simple to see that the profitability is also equal for all remaining types of bets.

In reality this means that, the more bets a player makes, the more he is going to lose independent of the strategies combinations of bet types or size of bets that he employs:.

Here, the profit margin for the roulette owner is equal to approximately 2. Nevertheless, several roulette strategy systems have been developed despite the losing odds.

These systems can not change the odds of the game in favor of the player. Although most often named "call bets" technically these bets are more accurately referred to as "announced bets".

The legal distinction between a "call bet" and an "announced bet" is that a "call bet" is a bet called by the player without him placing any money on the table to cover the cost of the bet.

In many jurisdictions most notably the United Kingdom this is considered gambling on credit and is illegal.

An "announced bet" is a bet called by the player for which he immediately places enough money to cover the amount of the bet on the table, prior to the outcome of the spin or hand in progress being known.

There are different number series in roulette that have special names attached to them. Most commonly these bets are known as "the French bets" and each covers a section of the wheel.

For the sake of accuracy, zero spiel, although explained below, is not a French bet, it is more accurately "the German bet".

Players at a table may bet a set amount per series or multiples of that amount. The series are based on the way certain numbers lie next to each other on the roulette wheel.

Not all casinos offer these bets, and some may offer additional bets or variations on these. The series is on a single-zero wheel.

Nine chips or multiples thereof are bet. Two chips are placed on the trio; one on the split; one on ; one on ; one on ; two on the corner; and one on Zero game, also known as zero spiel Spiel is German for game or play , is the name for the numbers closest to zero.

All numbers in the zero game are included in the voisins, but are placed differently. The numbers bet on are The bet consists of four chips or multiples thereof.

Three chips are bet on splits and one chip straight-up: one chip on split, one on split, one on split and one straight-up on number This type of bet is popular in Germany and many European casinos.

It is also offered as a 5-chip bet in many Eastern European casinos. As a 5-chip bet, it is known as "zero spiel naca" and includes, in addition to the chips placed as noted above, a straight-up on number This is the name for the 12 numbers that lie on the opposite side of the wheel between 27 and 33, including 27 and 33 themselves.

On a single-zero wheel, the series is Very popular in British casinos, tiers bets outnumber voisins and orphelins bets by a massive margin.

Six chips or multiples thereof are bet. One chip is placed on each of the following splits: , , , , , and The tiers bet is also called the "small series" and in some casinos most notably in South Africa "series ".

A variant known as "tiers " has an additional chip placed straight up on 5, 8, 10, and 11m and so is a piece bet. In some places the variant is called "gioco Ferrari" with a straight up on 8, 11, 23 and 30, the bet is marked with a red G on the racetrack.

These numbers make up the two slices of the wheel outside the tiers and voisins. They contain a total of 8 numbers, comprising and Five chips or multiples thereof are bet on four splits and a straight-up: one chip is placed straight-up on 1 and one chip on each of the splits: , , , and A number may be backed along with the two numbers on the either side of it in a 5-chip bet.

For example, "0 and the neighbors" is a 5-chip bet with one piece straight-up on 3, 26, 0, 32, and Neighbors bets are often put on in combinations, for example "1, 9, 14, and the neighbors" is a chip bet covering 18, 22, 33, 16 with one chip, 9, 31, 20, 1 with two chips and 14 with three chips.

Any of the above bets may be combined, e. The " Final 4, for example, is a 4-chip bet and consists of one chip placed on each of the numbers ending in 4, that is 4, 14, 24, and Final 7 is a 3-chip bet, one chip each on 7, 17, and Final bets from final 0 zero to final 6 cost four chips.

Final bets 7, 8 and 9 cost three chips. Some casinos also offer split-final bets, for example final would be a 4-chip bet, one chip each on the splits , , , and one on A complete bet places all of the inside bets on a certain number.

Full complete bets are most often bet by high rollers as maximum bets. The maximum amount allowed to be wagered on a single bet in European roulette is based on a progressive betting model.

For instance, if a patron wished to place a full complete bet on 17, the player would call "17 to the maximum". To manually place the same wager, the player would need to bet:.

The player calls his bet to the croupier most often after the ball has been spun and places enough chips to cover the bet on the table within reach of the croupier.

The croupier will immediately announce the bet repeat what the player has just said , ensure that the correct monetary amount has been given while simultaneously placing a matching marker on the number on the table and the amount wagered.

The player's wagered 40 chips, as with all winning bets in roulette, are still his property and in the absence of a request to the contrary are left up to possibly win again on the next spin.

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